If you start to see spots, floaters or flashes of light in your vision, you are advised to have an exam immediately. These sudden onset symptoms may be as a result of a detached retina or retinal tear or hole. These are serious eye conditions that require prompt attention to prevent or reduce its impact on one's sight. Other signs of a detached retina include blurred or a sudden change in vision or noticing a shadow or veil in your peripheral vision which wasn't there before.
The treatment for a retinal detachment involves surgery. At Transcona Optical, we can diagnose and refer to the appropriate surgeon immediately and provide follow up care. We advise more frequent comprehensive eye exams if you are at risk for detachment. People with certain diseases like diabetes, those who are very nearsightedness or those who have undergone eye surgeries are at greater risk for a detachment as well.
Corneal abrasion or Scratched eye
This type of injury can range in severity, but if you are experiencing discomfort from a scratch or poke to the eye, please come in for an urgent exam. Common symptoms include pain, redness and severe sensitivity to light. These scratches can heal quickly with the appropriate treatment and we can reduce the pain by providing the appropriate bandage contact lenses. To prevent or treat an infection that may occur, we can prescribe antibiotics as well.
Eye swelling or bruising
If the area around the eye has been injured and is swollen from a trauma (ie: a sports related accident) it is important to see one of our optometrists so they can examine the area for internal injuries.
A red eye or eye infections
There are many reasons that a eye can become red. Some causes which require treatment include bacterial infections, allergic reactions, viral infections, uveitis or iritis, angle closure glaucoma, dry eye, corneal ulcers, contact lens related infections and blepharitis.
The medical term for “pink eye” is conjunctivitis, and it can be caused by bacterial or viral infections, allergens or exposure to chemicals.This is an inflammation or an infection of the conjunctiva which is the thin layer of tissue that lines the inner surface of the eyelid and the white of the eye.
Symptoms of conjunctivitis include:
- A gritty feeling in one or both eyes
- Itching or burning in one or both eyes
- Excessive tearing
- Discharge from one or both eyes
- Swollen eyelids
- Pink or red color in the whites of one or both eyes
- Increased sensitivity to light
Treatment for conjunctivitis depends on its cause and ranges from antibiotics for bacteria infections to home care and relief measures for viral infections. The goal of treatment are to increase comfort, reduce or lessen the course of the symptoms, and prevent the spread of the illness. In general, practicing good hygiene is the best way to avoid or prevent the spread of conjunctivitis.